Sump pumps are self-activating electrical pumps that protect homes from moisture intrusion and water damage. They are usually installed below basement or crawlspace floors to remove rising groundwater and surface runoff before it has a chance to seep into the home. Accumulated water can cause major interior damage and encourage the growth of mold, mildew, and fungus. Pumps should be maintained and equipped with all necessary components in order to ensure their reliability.
How a Sump Pump Works
A pit, also known as a sump pit, sump trench, or basin, can be dug at the lowest part of the basement floor to capture and contain any flowing water. A sump pump sits at the bottom of this trench (or beside it) and pumps out excess water through a series of interconnected pipes to a suitable discharge location. The pump can sense water levels through a float that rises and falls with fluctuating water levels in the trench. The sump pump becomes activated and deactivated based on the height of the float, providing a simple, automated way to monitor and deal with variable water levels.
Types of Sump Pumps
Homeowners should check for the presence of the following:
Sump pump check valve
The following is good general information on where the sump pump should discharge:
In summary, sump pumps are used to remove excess water from homes that would otherwise cause property damage. There are multiple types, but they all monitor water levels and ensure that they do not rise higher than predetermined levels. Proper maintenance and inspection will ensure pump efficiency and prolong their lifespan. Don't wait to check the operation of your sump pump until your basement is flooded! Proper maintenance will save you money in the long run!
Remember to call Total Eclipse Inspections for all your inspection needs!
My name is Chris Dallaglio and I'm the owner of Total Eclipse Inspections LLC. I'm a licensed Home Inspector, Radon Measurement Professional, U.S. Dept of Energy Home Energy Score Assessor, part-time blogger.